Dr hwo, Author at Healthcmedic


SINUSITISCHIMSECE   Martin Musonda, a 19 years grade 12 pupil at AnoyaZuluHigh School is admitted to your Medical Ward with a diagnosis of severe smusitis. (a) (i) Define Sinusitis 5% (ii) Mention the four (4) main sinusis 8% (b) State six (6) signs and symptoms of sinusitis 12% (c) Discuss the management of Musonda till … Read more


Anemia is the reduction in red blood cells (erythrocytes) thus decreasing the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood due to the following (1) excessive blood loss (2) deficiencies and abnormalities of RBC production (3) Excessive destruction of RBC. *Common Symptoms of Anemia These symptoms appear in most types of anemia: pale skin dizziness fatigue headaches … Read more

What you should know about diarrhea

Diarrhea can range from a mild, temporary condition to a potentially life threatening one. Viruses, bacteria, and parasites are the most common causes of diarrhea. Globally, an estimated 2 billion cases of diarrheal disease occur each year. Also, around 1.9 million children under the age of 5 years — mostly in developing countries — die from diarrhea … Read more

Cirrhosis of the Liver

Cirrhosis of the Liver Cirrhosis is a late-stage result of liver disease and its complications. You may not have symptoms in the beginning stages of the disease. Common causes include alcohol use disorder, hepatitis and non-alcohol related fatty liver disease. Treatment depends on the cause of cirrhosis and how much damage exists. Liver transplantation may … Read more

Guide to Indian Cooking

Guide to Indian Cooking

Home  Recipes  Cuisines  Asia  Indian A Beginner’s Guide to Indian Cooking   Once you learn the basics of Indian cooking, you’ll be ready to start making the most delicious naan, chana masala and butter chicken at home. It’s almost impossible to get your head around what “Indian cooking” is. There’s so much variety to this ancient cuisine, which incorporates … Read more

Tuberculosis | TB


What is tuberculosis? Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that can cause infection in your lungs or other tissues. It commonly affects your lungs, but it can also affect other organs like your spine, brain or kidneys. The word “tuberculosis” comes from a Latin word for “nodule” or something that sticks out. Tuberculosis is also known … Read more

Coronavirus, COVID-19

corona virus covid 19

Pre-hospital care: Health Centres and Ambulances ❑ Apply IPC interventions at all times (e.g. putting a medical/surgical mask on the patient immediately at the first contact) ❑ Provide available emergency care; call for help (Toll free-line: 7040) ❑ Refer to local Emergency Medical Service (EMS) protocols (COVID-protocol, central dispatch) ❑ Arrange for safe transfer to … Read more

Heart Disease | Failure

heart disease

  PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE Decreased force of contraction Positive Inotropic Drugs. Low Cardiac Output Renal blood flow Decreased Carotid Sinus firing Decreased Activate Renin-Angiotensin Activate sympathetic system Aldosterone system Increase sympathetic discharge. ACEIs ARB Aldosterone AT-II Salt & Water Vasoconstriction Increased Heart rate Retention. Volume expansion Venous Arterial Vasoconstriction Vasoconstriction Increased Preload Increased … Read more

Urinary tract infection (UTI)

urinary tract infection

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of the urinary system. The urinary system includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Most infections involve the lower urinary tract — the bladder and the urethra. Women are at greater risk of developing a UTI than are men. If an infection is limited to the … Read more

High Blood Presure | Hypertension

high blood presure

What is high blood pressure? Blood pressure is recorded with 2 numbers. The systolic pressure (higher number) is the force at which your heart pumps blood around your body. The diastolic pressure (lower number) is the resistance to the blood flow in the blood vessels. They’re both measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg). As a general … Read more