Psychosexual history

Psychosexual history Offer a chaperone. 1. Ask about • Age at puberty/menarche • Age at first ejaculation/masturbation • What was you parents’ attitude towards sexual matters? • How did you attain sexual information? • What is your sexual orientation? 2. At what age did you have your first sexual relationship 3. Relationships and marital history. … Read more


ANTIPSYCHOTIC DRUGS Antipsychotic drugs are drugs used to control manifestations of Psychosis. Psychosis is a mental illness in which the mind is separated from reality. Manifestations of Psychosis: I- Hallucinations: – Perception without an external stimulus. Patient sees or hears things that don’t exist. II- Delusions: – False beliefs. They may be paranoid (suspicion), persecutory … Read more


ANTIFUNGAL DRUGS Fungal infections could be classified into: A- Superficial fungal infections: I- Dermatophytes: – Tinea: capitis (scalp), corporis (body), inguinum (nails) and pedis (foot). II- Candida: a) Cutaneous, Vaginal, Oropharyngeal, Gastrointestinal Candidiasis. b) Mucocutaneous candidiasis in severely immunodeficient patients and can spread to deep tissues (disseminated candidiasis). B- Deep fungal infections: – Pneumonia, Gastro-enteritis, … Read more

Drug Abuse

Drug Abuse: – Defined as the non-medical use of any drug (usually psycho-active) that is unacceptable by the society and whose use could result in health problems. Drug Dependence: – Individuals become dependent on drugs due to the development of the following: Psychological dependence: – Severe compulsion and craving to take the drug repeatedly to … Read more


Acute Kidney Failure Causes Causes of acute kidney failure fall into one of the following categories: Prerenal: Problems affecting the flow of blood before it reaches the kidneys Postrenal: Problems affecting the movement of urine out of the kidneys Renal: Problems with the kidney itself that prevent proper filtration of blood or production of urine … Read more


SINUSITISCHIMSECE   Martin Musonda, a 19 years grade 12 pupil at AnoyaZuluHigh School is admitted to your Medical Ward with a diagnosis of severe smusitis. (a) (i) Define Sinusitis 5% (ii) Mention the four (4) main sinusis 8% (b) State six (6) signs and symptoms of sinusitis 12% (c) Discuss the management of Musonda till … Read more


Anemia is the reduction in red blood cells (erythrocytes) thus decreasing the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood due to the following (1) excessive blood loss (2) deficiencies and abnormalities of RBC production (3) Excessive destruction of RBC. *Common Symptoms of Anemia These symptoms appear in most types of anemia: pale skin dizziness fatigue headaches … Read more

What you should know about diarrhea

Diarrhea can range from a mild, temporary condition to a potentially life threatening one. Viruses, bacteria, and parasites are the most common causes of diarrhea. Globally, an estimated 2 billion cases of diarrheal disease occur each year. Also, around 1.9 million children under the age of 5 years — mostly in developing countries — die from diarrhea … Read more

Cirrhosis of the Liver

Cirrhosis of the Liver Cirrhosis is a late-stage result of liver disease and its complications. You may not have symptoms in the beginning stages of the disease. Common causes include alcohol use disorder, hepatitis and non-alcohol related fatty liver disease. Treatment depends on the cause of cirrhosis and how much damage exists. Liver transplantation may … Read more